A comparative study of Vedāntic socialism of Vivekananda with classical socialism of Karl Marx: from philosophical perspective
Author(s): Dr. Rupali Majumder
Abstract: [Socialism is a political doctrinal substructure that supports the superstructure of democracy of many democratic nation of present world including India. It may be defined as a governance system that calls for public rather than private ownership or control of property or natural resources. It is a parallel political, economic and social system. In west it reached intellectual maturity and influenced in practical politics through the writings of Marx and Engels 1817 onwards. In India, socialism as a political movement founded early in the 20th Century as a part of Indian Independence movement against the British Rule. E.M.S. Namboodiripad, Vinoba Bhave, Jayprakash Narayan, Lal Bahadur Shastri, Jawaharlal Nehru, B.R. Ambedkar were reknown Indian socialist. Before these great thinkers Vivekananda advocated a unique kind of socialism which is known as Vedāntic socialism. Both Marx and Vivekananda acclaimed socialism to fight against injustice, labour exploitation and poverty. The objective of this paper is to compare Vedāntic socialism of Vivekananda with classical socialism of Karl Marx from philosophical perspective.