Refutation of CĀRVĀKA Philosophy – References in Tiruvāymoli as Explained by Svāmi Nampillai In his Iḍu
Author(s): S Vedavalli
Abstract: Cärväka (also called Lokäyata), is one of the well-known heterodox philosophical system which does not believe in the authority of the Vedas and the existence of Brahman, the Supreme Almighty. This system has been discussed and refuted by various orthodox schools of philosophy. Viñiñöädvaita is one such school of thought which advocates belief in the Vedas and in Ñréman Näräyaëa as the Supreme Being. Näläyira Divya Prabandham (“Four Thousand Divine Hymns”) in Tamil language is the core treatise that advocates Vaiñëavism in Tamil Nadu. Tiruväymoÿi, sung by Ñré Nammäÿvär (traditionally believed to have lived in 9th century C.E.), forms part of the Näläyira Divya Prabandham. The hymns of Tiruväymoÿi have been interpreted by various authors. One among the popular commentaries is called Éòu, authored by Svämi Nampiÿÿai (13th century C.E.). Ñré Nammäÿvär has not stated anything explicitly about Cärväkas. It is through Svämi Nampiÿÿai’s commentary, one can understand the theories of Cärväka and the refutation of the same in the Viñiñöädvaita school of thought, which is discussed below.