Concept of Person in Jainism and Nyāya-Vaiśeṣika: A Comparative Study
Author(s): Dr. Bishnu Bora
Abstract: Phenomenologically person is conceived as combination of physical and mental states. The relation of matter, life, mind and spirit is an important problem for modern philosophy. To solve this problem completely and satisfactorily is a challenge to modern science. As a result the study of man becomes not only the noblest of studies but also one of the basic for philosophy. Jainism and Nyäya-Vaiçeñika both schools admit that person is a combination of physical body which is constituted by atoms and self. Nyäya maintains that consciousness is the adventitious quality of self, but for Jainism consciousness is both essence and the quality of self. In this paper an attempt has been made to investigate the basic concept of person in Jainism and Nyäya- Vaiçeñika philosophy in the physical and epistemological senses. My chief interest would be a critical study of differences between two schools on the notion of person. This is my initial development of the concept on the basis of Dravya Sangraha and Nyäya Sütra that opens the door for further research.